Thursday, January 1, 2009

Post Abduction Syndrome

PAS is based on a cluster of symptoms initially compiled by alien abduction researcher Budd Hopkins and described in his books Missing Time (1981) and Intruders (1987). The purpose of PAS is to help determine whether someone shows the cluster of symptoms typically indicated by persons believed to have been exposed to certain phenomena, regardless of the actual nature of those phenomena. It is not the purpose of PAS to determine whether alien abductions, UFO's or UFO encounters involve physical objects, or to determine the nature of purported events as natural, paranormal, supernatural, etc.


Following are some of the symptoms described by Hargrove (2000): [1]

* Persistent re-experiencing of the traumatic event characterized by flashbacks (APA, 1994)
* Persistent avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma (APA, 1994)
* Denial of the event
* Labeling the event something else-"blackout", being lost, etc.
* Phobic avoidance of areas or situations where contact occurred.
* Refraining from sleep at the time contact occurred-sleeping in the daytime
* Emotional reaction to literature, pictures, or videos about alien entities e.g. turning over books with a picture of an alien or UFO which may include avoiding them. (Bryant, 1991)
* Numbing of emotions and responsiveness characterized by inability to feel intimacy, pleasure, or to express emotions-emotional anesthesia. (APA, 1994, Bryant,1991)
* Diminished interest or less participation in previously enjoyed activities. (APA, 1994)
* May have a sense of foreshortened future -no expectation of normal life events or normal life span. (APA, 1994)
* May fear abduction with no return or lengthy abduction.
* Anxiety symptoms that persist-hypervigilance, exaggerated startle response, irritability, and panic attacks (APA, 1994)